What can you substitute for bay leaf?

Bay leaves are an essential addition to your spice rack. They have a distinctive aromatic flavour that enhances the taste and smell of various dishes, ranging from soups and stews to sauces and marinades. My bean soups can’t go without their bay leaf!! But what if you notice last minute that you run out of it? What can you substitute for bay leaf?

To find the best bay leaf substitute, we must consider taste, aroma and benefits to some extent. Bay leaves are a fantastic antimicrobial that contributes to food preservation.

Therefore, if you want to replace bay leaf in a pickling recipe, consider that. However, finding a replacement for bay leaves in a soup, stew, or chilli is simple.

Understanding Bay Leaf

Bay leaves come from the bay laurel tree. This tree is native to the Mediterranean region, and you can find it in countries such as Turkey, Spain, Greece, Italy, France and others.

Its leaves, also known as laurel, are harvested and dried for culinary use. Bay leaves have been used in cooking for centuries!!

Bay leaves have a subtle, aromatic and herbal flavour. Its aroma will take over your kitchen in a good way. It is like a combination of sweet, floral, and earthy notes.

Its flavour is not overpowering but adds depth and complexity to dishes.

Even though you can replace a bay leaf, no other spice tastes and smells exactly like bay leaves. The closest in flavour and taste is the California Bay Leaf, a variety native to the western coast of North America, specifically California.

They have a stronger and more intense flavour compared to Mediterranean bay leaves.

So now that you know the bay leaves aroma and taste profile, it’ll be easier to find a replacement. Let’s get started.

Best Bay leaf substitutes.

Herbs with similar bay leaf flavour profiles

1. Oregano

Oregano has a more pronounced earthy and peppery taste compared to bay leaf. However, you can use oregano instead of bay leaves, provided you adjust the quantity.

To substitute a bay leaf with oregano, use 1/4 teaspoon of dry oregano and start from there.

It is also good to note that you can infuse the oregano rather than adding directly to your dish. That is because, unlike bay leaf, oregano is powdery.

To infuse oregano, Heat a small amount of oil (such as olive oil) in a pan and add dried oregano leaves. Let the leaves steep in the oil for a few minutes to release their flavour.

You can then strain the oil and add it to your dish for a subtle oregano infusion.

Use a tablespoon of infused oregano oil per bay leaf.

2. Thyme

thyme a bay leaf alternative

Thyme provides a similar earthy and herbaceous flavour as bay leaf. Therefore you can use it instead of bay leaves.

Like with oregano, thyme has a more potent flavour than bay leaf.

Use about half the amount of dried thyme compared to the suggested amount of bay leaf in the recipe. Adjust the quantity based on your taste preference.

3. Basil

You can use Basil as a bay leaf substitution, especially when you want to introduce a different flavour profile to your dish or run out of bay leaves.

Basil pairs well with a variety of dishes, particularly Italian and Mediterranean cuisines. It works exceptionally well in tomato-based sauces, pasta dishes, soups, and salads.

But I also learnt to use it to substitute bay leaves in Cuban black beans to spark things up with a fresh touch of basil. And it works greats all the time.

You can directly add fresh or dried basil leaves to your dish when using basil instead of bay leaf.

Basil is a delicate herb, so if using fresh leaves, add them towards the end of the cooking process to preserve their flavor and aroma.

Dried basil can be added earlier in the cooking process, but remember that its flavor is more concentrated than fresh basil. Therefore use less amount.

A 1/2 teaspoon of dry basil can substitute the bay leaves your recipe calls for.

Bassil also makes a good substitute for Dill in Tzatziki

Spices with similar flavours to replace bay leaf

4. Allspice

allspice as a substitute for bay leaf

Allspice or Jamaican pepper provides a unique and warm flavour you can bet on as an alternative to bay leaf.

As a general guideline, start with 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of ground allspice for each bay leaf called for in the recipe. Adjust the quantity based on your taste preference.

Allspice can work well in hearty stews, braised meats, and certain soups. Be cautious not to overdo it, as allspice has a potent flavour and can easily overpower other ingredients.

5. Cloves

cloves instead of bay leaf

Another option to swap bay leaf with is cloves. Cloves will add a warm aromatic flavour to your dish. They have a strong and intense flavour, so using them sparingly is essential.

Start with a small amount, such as 1 or 2 whole cloves, for each bay leaf called for in the recipe. If the results are too mild for your taste, you can increase the number of cloves.

You can add it directly to your recipe or use an infusion method. If you add them directly, remember cloves are overwhelming if accidentally bitten into.

It is best to add them at the beginning of cooking and remove them before the dish is complete.

Cloves work well in hearty and savoury dishes such as stews, braised meats, and certain sauces. They also pair nicely with sweet and spiced recipes, like desserts or mulled beverages.

6. Nutmeg


Nutmeg can do the trick and be a substitute for bay leaf. It will add a warm and slightly sweet flavour to your dish. While it won’t be the same as bay leaf, you can enhance your recipe’s overall flavour and aroma.

Before deciding that Nutmeg is your best option to replace bay leaf, consider the dish, you will use it on. Nutmeg pairs well with various savoury and sweet dishes. It is commonly used in creamy or rich recipes like b├ęchamel sauce, gratins, or pumpkin-based dishes.

To use instead of bay leaves, start with a small amount, such as 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of freshly grated Nutmeg, for each bay leaf called for in the recipe.

Other aromatic leaves to use instead of bay leaves

7. Curry leaves

curry leaves

Curry leaves are native to India. However, you can find them in Walmart and probably in your local grocery store in the international food section.

They have nothing to do with the yellow curry powder you are more likely familiar with.

Curry leaves look similar to bay leaves. However, it isn’t their appearance that makes them a good bay leaf substitute, but their flavour and aroma.

Additionally, curry leaves are milder than bay leaves. Use about 6 to 8 curry leaves for each bay leaf called for in the recipe.

8. Kaffir lime leaves

Kaffir lime leaves

If you have a Kaffir lime tree at home or even a lemon tree, you can use their leaves as a bay leaf replacement. The flavour is not similar to the bay leaves, but it can significantly enhance your dish’s flavour and aroma.

Kaffir lime leaves have a unique and distinct flavour, like citrusy, aromatic, and slightly floral. Some people would describe its taste as lime and lemon, with a hint of bitterness and sweetness.

They are mainly used in soups, curries, stir-fries, and sauces in Thai, Indonesian, and Malaysian recipes.

To swap bay leaf with kaffir lime leaf, use a ratio of 1:1, so per each bay leaf, use one kaffir lime leaf and start from there.

9. Lemongrass

lemongrass instead of bay leaf

Lemongrass is another option to substitute bay leaf with. It’ll bring a fresh and vibrant element to your recipes, particularly those with Asian influences. You can describe its flavour as lemony, citrusy and herbal.

Make sure to add it early in the cooking process to allow its essence to infuse into the dish.

Start with a small lemongrass stalk to replace a bay leaf, and increase the amount if you need to.


Exploring bay leaf substitutes in recipes like soups, stews, or chillis opens up a world of culinary possibilities. As you can see, the opportunities to enhance your dish are vast.

However, you don’t have to stop and limit yourself to this list of substitutes.

You can expand your creative potential and play with those herbs and spices you have on the rack you have never tried before.

That is the beauty of cooking; you can create the most extraordinary and diverse recipes, and it all started with a simple question: What can you substitute for bay leaf?

Thanks for reading.

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